USCIS to Issue Employment Authorization and Advance Parole Card for Adjustment of Status Applicants: Questions and Answers (2024)

Feb. 11, 2011

Introduction

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) today announced that it is now issuing employment and travel authorization on a single card for certain applicants filing an Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, Form I-485.

Questions and Answers

Q1. How is this card different from the current Employment Authorization Document (EAD)?
A1. The card looks similar to the current Employment Authorization Document (EAD) but will include text that reads, "Serves as I-512 Advance Parole". A card with this text will serve as both an employment authorization and Advance Parole document.

Employers may accept this card as a List A document when completing the Employment Eligibility Verification, Form I-9.

Q2. Why did USCIS combine these benefits in one card?
A2. With the new card, adjustment of status applicants no longer will have to carry both an EAD and a separate paper Advance Parole document while awaiting adjudication of their Form I-485 applications. Instead, applicants only will have to carry this one credit card-sized card. The new card is more secure and more durable than the current paper Advance Parole document.

Q3. How do I receive the EAD and Advance Parole card?
A3. You may receive this card when you file anApplication for Employment Authorization, Form I-765, and anApplication for Travel Document, Form I-131, concurrently with or after filing anApplication to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, Form I-485. You must file the Forms I-765 and I-131 at the same time in order to receive an EAD and Advance Parole card. Please ensure that you enter your name and address identically on Forms I-765 and I-131 that you file concurrently in order to receive the new card.

Q4. If I receive this card, does that guarantee my re-entry into the United States if I travel?
A4. No. This card authorizes parole, not admission, to the U.S. Parole is not an admission or "entry". If you obtain this card, you may use it to travel abroad and return to the U.S. Upon arriving at a port-of-entry, you should present the card to a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Officer to request parole. Issuance of an Advance Parole document does not guarantee that CBP will parole you into the U.S. If parole is granted, you will be permitted to come into the U.S. as a parolee, but will not have been 'admitted". Individuals who have been unlawfully present in the U.S. and subsequently depart and seek re-entry through a grant of parole may be inadmissible and ineligible to adjust their status.

Q5. How much does this card cost?
A5. If you submitted an application for adjustment of status on or after July 30, 2007 (or on or after August 18, 2007, for employment-based cases), you will pay only one fee to file Form I-485, Form I-765 and Form I-131. The fee for Form I-485 is $1,070, ($985 plus $85 biometric fee), and there is no separate fee for Forms I-765 and I-131 associated with a Form I-485. For those cases that were filed under the old fee structure, the costs for this card will equal the combined costs of filing Forms I-131 and I-765, which is a total of $740. Visit www.uscis.gov/fees for more information.

Q6. How long is this card valid?
A6. Based on the availability of an immigrant visa, USCIS will issue this card for a period ofone or two years. USCIS may also in its discretion issue the card for a longer or shorter validity period, depending on the particulars of the case.

Q7. What if I already have an EAD or an Advance Parole document?
A7. If your Advance Parole document and EAD card have different expiration dates, you may only receive this card if both documents have less than 120 days of validity left, or if the EAD has less than 120 days of validity left and the Advance Parole document is for a single entry only. If you decide to file for this card by filing Forms I-765 and I-131 simultaneously, do not apply more than 120 days before your current EAD expires. The validity period for the EAD and Advance Parole card will begin on the date of the adjudication of the Forms I-765 and I-131.

Q8. Will USCIS still issue separate EAD and Advance Parole documents?
A8. Yes. USCIS will continue to issue separate EAD and Advance Parole documents as warranted. For example, you will receive an EAD without permission to travel if you do not request Advance Parole or if your Form I-765 is approved but your Form I-131 is denied.

Q9. If I lose or damage this card, how do I get another one?
A9. To obtain a replacement card, you must file the Application for Employment Authorization, Form I-765, and Application for Travel Document, Form I-131, concurrently, with the appropriate fee of $380 for the I-765 and $360 for the I-131. Although individuals who file under the current fee structure obtain their first card at no cost, they are required to pay the current application fee(s) for any card that USCIS replaces due to loss, negligence or damage. Visit www.uscis.gov/fees for more information.

Q10. Is this card available to anyone?
A10. No. This card is only available to certain individuals who have pending family or employment based Forms I-485.

Q11. What does this card look like?

A11.

To learn more about USCIS and its programs, visit www.uscis.gov or call the USCIS Contact Center at 1-800-375-5283 or (For people who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability: TTY 800-767-1833).

USCIS to Issue Employment Authorization and Advance Parole Card for Adjustment of Status Applicants: Questions and Answers (2024)

FAQs

What is employment authorization and advance parole card for adjustment of status applicants? ›

This card allows an applicant for adjustment of status to travel abroad and return to the U.S. without abandoning the pending adjustment application. The traveler must present the card to request parole through the port-of-entry."

What is EAD applicants who have filed for adjustment of status? ›

While consular applicants must wait until they arrive in the U.S. with permanent resident status, adjustment of status applicants may obtain an employment authorization document (EAD) and accept work while waiting for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to approve the green card.

Will USCIS still issue separate EAD and advance parole documents? ›

Yes. USCIS will continue to issue separate EAD and Advance Parole documents as warranted. For example, you will receive an EAD without permission to travel if you do not request Advance Parole or if your Form I-765 is approved but your Form I-131 is denied. Q9.

How long does it take to get green card after EAD and advance parole? ›

Receipt of Employment Authorization Document and Advance Parole (About 90 Days after Filing) 6. Interview Appointment Notice (5-8 months after Filing) 7. Receive Your Welcome Notice and 10- or 2-Year Green Card in the Mail (6-10 Months after Filing) 8.

What are good reasons for advance parole? ›

Common humanitarian reasons for traveling are obtaining necessary medical treatment for oneself, visiting an ailing (very sick) relative or assisting an ailing relative who has an upcoming medical procedure; attending a family member's funeral; or visiting a deceased family member's grave.

How long does it take for advance parole to get approved? ›

The normal advance parole application process can take up to 8 months to process through USCIS, but emergency advance parole requests can be completed in person at a local USCIS field office.

What is the USCIS interview for adjustment of status? ›

Adjustment of status is the process of applying for permanent residence (green card) from inside the United States. USCIS uses the interview to confirm information provided by applicants (and often petitioners) is accurate and up-to-date.

Who approves adjustment of status? ›

What happens after my AOS interview? After your interview, the USCIS officer will make a decision on your case. If the officer approves your application, you will be issued a green card and will become a lawful permanent resident of the United States.

What makes you eligible for adjustment of status? ›

To be eligible for adjustment of status, an alien must meet the following criteria: The alien must be physically present in the United States. If the alien does not reside in the United States, he/she cannot adjust status in the U.S. and must go through immigrant visa processing at a U.S. consulate abroad instead.

How long does it take to get i485 advance parole? ›

Approximately 8 to 20 Weeks After Filing

If you requested advance parole with Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, USCIS is generally taking much longer to issue this document. Historically, the EAD and advance parole travel document may be combined on a single combo card.

Can you travel internationally with EAD and advance parole? ›

Applicants for adjustment of status with a pending I-485 application are eligible to receive an Advance Parole travel document, which enables them to travel internationally without the need of an underlying visa while they wait for their green card to be approved.

Can I travel with advance parole EAD card? ›

Advance parole allows you to travel back to the United States without applying for a visa. A transportation company (airlines) can accept an advance parole document instead of a visa as proof that you are authorized to travel to the United States. An advance parole document does not replace your passport.

Does advance parole guarantee green card? ›

No, Advance Parole does not guarantee admission into the United States.

Does EAD approval mean green card approval? ›

Typically, having an EAD approved while waiting for the final Green Card approval allows the employer and alien-employee to dispense with the need for a non-immigrant visa. Recall that the non-immigrant visa like an H-1B provides independent work authorization completely separate from the EAD and/or Green Card filing.

Will USCIS speed up in 2024? ›

In February 2024, USCIS announced it had reduced its case backlog for the first time in over a decade. The overall backlog decreased by 15%, processing nearly 11 million case filings and completing 10 million cases.

What is the difference between a green card and an employment authorization card? ›

An Employment Authorization Card only allows you to work in the United States during the period listed on the card (the issuance date to the expiration date). It does not allow you to travel or live permanently in the United States. A Green Card gives you all these rights and more.

What is employment authorization and advance parole? ›

but one important line is added by USCIS: “Serves as I-512 Advance Parole”. This card is used for both proof of work authorization as well as pre-approved travel authorization to exit and re-enter the United States generally as many times as one wishes during the pendency of an employment-based Green Card filing.

What is an EAD card with advance parole? ›

As with the current Advance Parole document, obtaining a combined Advance Parole and employment authorization card allows an applicant for adjustment of status to travel abroad and return to the U.S. without abandoning the pending adjustment application.

What does it mean if you have an employment authorization card? ›

An EAD gives a person legal status to work in the United States but has fewer privileges than a green card. It shows an expiration date (usually one year from date issued) and is renewable. Any alien with a valid Employment Authorization Document (Form I-766 or Form I-688B) can be issued a Social Security number.

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